Anglo-American University introduces new series of RESEARCH & CREATIVE COFFEES which are aimed to be a platform for discussions about publications, projects and working papers of AAU Faculty as well as AAU students.

In the 2018 Fall semester we have planned 4 events, always on Friday starting 9.30am in room 1.33 on the following dates: September 14, October 19, November 23 and December 7.

The first session is planned for September 14 and will be devoted to the research paper by Alexei Anisin and Pelin Ayan Musil: When Does Military Side with Rebels? We will welcome external discussant Jacob Maze from Charles University.

Next sessions topics (more topics will come):
October 19 Andrew Giarelli From Murder to Miscegenation: Mark Twain’s Nevada Newspaper Hoaxes as 19th century ‘Fake News'
November 23 Zuzana Fellegi Gender and Czech Republic

Registration is needed at this link – registered participants will get the full paper. 

Contact person: Pelin Musil Ayan 

When Does Military Side with Rebels?

Alexei Anisin and Pelin Ayan Musil

Abstract:

It has been claimed that a key mechanism to revolutionary success rests in the ability of opposition to fraternize and convince the Armed Forces to defect from their principal. Some such as Degaut (2017) even argue that military backing of a pro-democratic revolutionary movement is a necessary condition for regime transition. While positive cases featuring opposition movements that successfully coalesced with military actors have received scholarly attention in contexts such as the first Philippine People’s Power movement, in the Serbian OTPOR or the 2003–4 Ukrainian revolutions, among other notable cases, little is known about negative cases in which militaries did not defect from their principal, even when faced with multiple opportunities to do so. This study analyzes different historical eras of Turkish civil military relations and a variety of oppositional challenges that were posed to governmental status quos. We discover that across 12 cases, defection did not occur even under favorable circumstances such as the presence of mass dissent and nonviolent resistance. Interviews carried out with multi-generational political actors reveal few attempts of activist fraternization, and a strong negative sentiment towards the possibility of the loyalty of the armed forces’ being undermined. This sentiment is driven by two logics – left leaning actors do not believe that soldiers’ and troops’ loyalty can be undermined because of their allegiance to their superiors. Of the right leaning actors interviewed, all oppose the idea of the armed forces siding with opposition.